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William Baffin: Arctic Cartographer
William Baffin (1584-1622) was a British navigator and map maker who piloted two expeditions to the Arctic. Following Henry Hudson's voyage of 1610-1611, "The Company of Merchants of London, Discoverers of the North West Passage" was formed to explore the Arctic, and the company sent Baffin and Robert Bylot to try to find the Northwest Passage.
Baffin mapped the entire bay that was named after him (Baffin Bay), and the detailed charts greatly aided future exploration (Baffin Island is also named after him). However, he was convinced that there was no Northwest Passage and recommended a more southerly search.
This conclusion was generally accepted and it was not until two centuries later that the Arctic would again attract interest.
Picture: A navigator of Baffin's time.
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Exploration, Explorers
Links: Arctic, Northwest Passage
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?