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Don't Get Bitten by Old Man Winter!
Frostnip and chilblain are the first phases of freezing - if you stay in the cold, you may end up with frostbite!
Frozen skin may turn red, then grey-blue with blisters. In the worst case, the skin dies and turns blue-black. At this stage, amputation (chopping off the frozen part) is generally unavoidable.
Kids are at greater risk of frostbite than adults because they lose heat from their skin more rapidly than adults do. And, when you're having fun in the snow it's easy to get distracted - sometimes kids don't want to leave winter games to go inside and warm up.
Here's how to prevent frostbite:
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Cold / Cold Places, Health / Safety, Arctic
Links: Cold Places, Arctic
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?