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Shall we go south, south, south or south?
The north and south poles represent the top and bottom ends of the Earth's axis - around which it rotates.
Located at 90° North latitude, it is the northernmost point on the Earth's surface. If you're standing there, all points are south of you (you can't go farther north, and east and west have no bearing).
The lines of longitude that establish our time zones all converge at the pole. In that area they are too close together to be practical as time zones, so Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is used for local time.
When Robert Peary, Matthew Henson and four Inuit arrived at the North Pole in 1909, they didn't know exactly what they would find. Peary searched for land in every direction (all South) with a telescope. He found none.
A metal weight on piano wire was then dropped through the ice. It went down 9,000 feet / 3,543 meters without finding bottom - no one had expected the ocean to be that deep! It was later learned that parts of the ocean trench under the Arctic Ocean are up to 3 miles / 4.8 km deep.
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Explorers, Ice
Links: Arctic, Arctic Sunrise & Sunset
Maps: Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?