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Polar Explorer Extraordinaire

The Norwegian explorer, Captain Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (1872-1928), captured almost every polar geographical prize of his day:

1. He was the first to navigate the Northwest Passage by ship in 1905.

2. In 1911 he was the first to reach the South Pole. (He had assembled an expedition for the North Pole, but turned it south upon news that Robert Peary had beaten him to it.)

3. He explored unknown parts of the Arctic - and in the process became the second to navigate the NorthEAST Passage (Swedish explorer Nils Nordenskjold did it first in 1878-79).

4. In 1925 he attempted to fly over the North Pole, but his planes were forced down less than 100 miles / 150 km from the Pole. The safe return of all six men caught the imagination of the world, and Amundsen was again a hero.

5. The following year, 1926, he made the first intercontinental airship flight over the North Pole and Arctic Ocean (in the dirigible Norge with Umberto Nobile and Lincoln Ellsworth).

In 1928, while searching for survivors of Umberto Nobile's North Pole airship disaster, Amundsen's plane crashed and he disappeared without a trace.

PICTURE: (Above) Amundsen makes a claim for Norway.

Click pictures for more information and credits.
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Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

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