Athropolis HOME   |   Maps   |   Arctic Links   |   Arctic Library
Click to go HOME
From our library of things you should know about the Arctic

Shortest Distance Between Two Points

Today, many planes fly over the Arctic using "great circle routes" between the continents. The great circle route (picture) between Chicago and Hong Kong passes over the Arctic Ocean and near the North Pole (Marked: + ).

A "Great Circle Route" is a trace on the surface of a sphere (the Earth) of a plane that passes through the center of the sphere and divides it into halves. This line indicates the shortest course between two points on the surface of that sphere.

The lines of latitude and longitude on a flat map may suggest otherwise, but when you take into consideration that the Earth is round, the best route can be a surprise. Before long-distance air travel, such efficiency was not possible - try sailing over land or through the frozen Arctic Ocean!

Imagine picking two points (A and B) on a round melon. When you cut it, the top of your knife will stop at A, the bottom of your knife will stop at B, and the center of your knife will be aligned with the very center of the melon. The cut mark will indicate the shortest distance between A and B on the skin of the melon.

Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Latitude, Longitude
Links: Great Circle Mapper
Great Circle Route, Arctic
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports

Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

Search for more on this topic...from Athropolis!
(1) Click the button for Web (below) to search the World Wide Web
(2) Click button for
WWW.ATHROPOLIS.COM to search this web site

Icy Cold Jokes | Icy Games | E-mail | Athropolis HOME
Copyright 2005 Athropolis Productions Limited. The content of web sites that this site has links
to is the property of their respective owners, and Athropolis is not responsible for their content.