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From our library of things you should know about the Arctic

Who was first to the Pole?

Two American explorers each claimed to be the first to reach the North Pole.

One was Robert Edwin Peary, who claimed to have reached the Pole on April 6, 1909. The other was Dr. Frederick Cook, who claimed to have reached the "Big Nail" almost a year earlier on April 21, 1908. (Explorers' Routes)

These conflicting claims set off much debate and controversy. The newspapers recognized a good story and vigorously took sides.

Both men had their supporters and their detractors, causing one newspaper to comment: "Cook was a liar and a gentleman, and Peary was neither."

Facts seem to have mattered little in the fray that followed - notice the illustration of Peary and Cook fighting that shows penguins in the Arctic! (Penguins only live in the southern hemisphere.)

Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Explorers, Exploration
Links: Arctic, Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
Explorers' Routes
Peary's Supporters, Cook's Supporters,

Double-click any unlinked word DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
Arctic Library ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
All sorts of Arctic Maps ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
Links to related sites. ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
A Guide to Arctic Sunrise and Sunset GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?

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