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Charts from early navigators such as Nicolas of Lynn (1330-1390) indicate that the Arctic provided the first routes to the New World - to Iceland, Greenland, Ellesmere Island, Baffin Island, and down the coast of North America. Their ancient records probably encouraged Columbus to try a southern route.
If the runestone is geniune, it would change the understanding of medieval history. It would mean that not only did the Norse explore far wider areas of the North American continent than previously thought, but that the period of Norse exploration lasted centuries longer than historians have believed.
If the stone is a fake, it is one of the finest hoaxes on record, for not only did it outlive the jesters, but their children and grandchildren as well.
INSCRIPTION ON RUNESTONE: "Eight Goths and 22 Norwegians on a journey of exploration from Vinland very far west. We had camp by two rocky islands one day's journey north from this stone. We were out fishing one day. After we came home we found ten men red with blood and dead. AVM save from evil. Have ten men by the sea to look after our ships fourteen days journey from this island. Year 1362"
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Library: Exploration, Boats/Ships, Arctic
Links: Boats/Ships, Arctic
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?