|Athropolis HOME | Maps | Arctic Links | Arctic Library
Vikings Hop to North America
Given the limited range of sailing vessels of the day, the island provided an essential "stepping-stone" between Europe and North America.
In 986, the first boatloads of settlers left Iceland to colonize a new territory to the west that was explored several years earlier by a red-faced, red-bearded Viking known as Eric the Red. He gave the island the attractive name of Greenland to lure land-hungry people.
Rumors of the ancient voyages were circulated around Europe 500 years later, and they probably encouraged Columbus to try a southern route. Without Iceland, who knows when the New World would have been discovered - for the second time?
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Exploration, Explorers
Links: Arctic, Archaeology
Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?