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What's going on down there?
For almost 60 years, the American Navy's Arctic Submarine Laboratory has been conducting operations and tests to make sure their submarines have warfighting capabilities in the Arctic, and to increase their knowledge and understanding of the Arctic Ocean.
Some significant submarine events have been:
1947 - USS Boarfish conducted the first under-ice dives in the Arctic.
1958 - USS Skate conducted the first surfacing exercises in the Arctic ice pack - coming up through open-water polynyas.
1959 - USS Skate was a bit more adventurous, and became the first sub to push its way through the ice at the North Pole.
1960 - USS Seadragon made the first submerged transit of the Northwest Passage. Hey, if ice blocks your way - just go under it!
1982 - USS Aspro and USS Tautog made the first 2-ship winter rendezvous at the North Pole.
Click pictures for more information and credits.
Library: Arctic, Exploration
Northwest Passage, Boats & Ships
Maps: Arctic Maps & Weather Reports
News: Sub Rendezvous
DICTIONARY: Just "double-click" any unlinked word on this page for the definition from Merriam-Webster's Student Electronic Dictionary at Word Central.
ARCTIC LIBRARY & GLOSSARY: Check this section for an index of the rest of the things you really need to know about the Arctic.
ARCTIC MAPS & WEATHER REPORTS: Maps of the Northwest Passage, explorers' routes, iceberg sources, Nunavut, the Arctic by treeline, temperature...
ARCTIC LINKS: Even more information! Links to sites related to the Arctic and "Iceberg: the Story of the Throps and the Squallhoots".
GUIDE TO ARCTIC SUNRISE & SUNSET: How much sunlight or darkness is there in the Arctic on each day of the year?